Saint Thomas Aquinas

Triumph of St. Thomas Aquinas, "Doctor Angelicus", with saints and angels, Andrea di Bonaiuto, 1366. Basilica of Santa Maria Novella, fresco

Saint Thomas Aquinas (San Tommaso d’Aquino) was one of the most prolific theologians of all time. He is considered one of the pioneers of the philosophy of the Catholic Church and hence was hugely influential in both religious and political life.

Aristotle

Bust of Aristotle. Marble, Roman copy after a Greek bronze original by Lysippos from 330 BC

Aristotle is synonymous with ancient Greek tradition, and is the foundation on which almost all Western thought is pried upon. A brilliant philosopher, Aristotle authored and framed several discourses on a wide range of subjects from ethics, economics, politics, and logic.