Machiavelli took an unprecedented approach to answer questions like — ‘Are there such things as necessary evils?’ ‘Do the ends justify the means?’ ‘Should we do the wrong things for the right reasons?’
As Civil Service Commissioner, Theodore Roosevelt cracked into the prevailing corrupt spoils system. Aided by the Pendleton Act, he fought fearlessly to uphold the practice of appointment on merit.
Eleanor Roosevelt lived during a time when international travel was less common, and diversity was not celebrated as widely as it is today. She was, however, determined to understand the cultures and viewpoints of a wide variety of people.
Eleanor Roosevelt used her position as the First Lady of New York State and the First Lady of the United States of America to influence politics and advance the cause of equal rights for people of color and the rights of women and the underprivileged.
Machiavelli was probably the first politician to organize his thoughts about how a proper and choreographed political philosophy could lead to the success of the state. He introduced the concept of rationalization to ideas previously thought of as subjective.
Copernicus changed our perspective regarding money. He sought to answer the question, ‘Why can’t we simply create more currency?’
Nicolaus Copernicus made very few astronomical observations in his lifetime. Yet, he was intelligent enough to spot the inconsistencies in the Ptolemaic model of the universe. His proposed model set the earth in motion and placed the Sun at the center of the universe. This simple and correct insight triggered the modern scientific revolution.
Theodore Roosevelt led America by the mantra, “The life that is worth living, and the only life that is worth living, is the life of effort, the life of effort to attain what is worth striving for.”
Petrarch’s passion for classical antiquity fueled his search for Greek and Roman manuscripts. He discovered Cicero’s letters in 1345 and this paved the path towards Renaissance humanism.