Aristotle

Bust of Aristotle. Marble, Roman copy after a Greek bronze original by Lysippos from 330 BC

Aristotle is synonymous with ancient Greek tradition, and is the foundation on which almost all Western thought is pried upon. A brilliant philosopher, Aristotle authored and framed several discourses on a wide range of subjects from ethics, economics, politics, and logic.

On the Soul

Raphael, The School of Athens, 1509–1511, fresco at the Raphael Rooms, Apostolic Palace, Vatican City

Plato is believed to have mentored Aristotle, and yet, their philosophies are miles apart. Where Plato is vague, Aristotle is vivid, where Plato is an idealist, Aristotle is a rationalist and a realist. This results in a very interesting dichotomy: The liege vs the prodigy, and Idealism vs Realism.